What is cabling? For a common man cabling is just a bunch of wires; however, in professional terms, it is the foundation of a good voice data cabling infrastructure in which two or more computers & servers are connected together. This infrastructure of networking cables is undoubtedly one of the most vital things for a perfect business networks, but most of the times it has been overlooked. In this process, the installation begins with a twisted pair cable, which is fabricated with twisted wires encircled by a shielding cover to connect data lines to a desktop PC or other network devices. The entire cabling is done secretively, as the wires passes through the ceilings & walls, and links a data/phone to a patch panel, or many other termination blocks, which are generally fixed within a rack kept inside a server room. If network cabling is described in simple words then it is the process of linking computers together, so that they can easily work on a common network and all the connected computers can communicate with each other flawlessly. Step by step installation process of networking cable:
- The whole process of the installation of network cabling begins from the MDF (Main Distribution Frame) and expands via building to an outlet.
- Then a patch cable is used for connecting the RJ-45 workstation area outlet (WAO) with a computer or other network devices such as VoIP phone.
- Inside the server room, Main Distribution Frame and cables ends on a patch panel and the consequent numbers are aligned to make them easily identifiable.
- At last, the cable testing is done to ensure that everything is in place and working in perfect order. Moreover, the certification testing can also be performed to make sure whether the preset industry standards have been followed or not.
Once office is properly cabled, efficiency is sure to increase and any additions or changes to the cabling system will be easy to accomplish. So how do you get started? There are several variables that must be considered before you begin. The first is what type of cable will be used. There are various cable types and using the correct one is critical. As technology advances, cable protocols are becoming faster and better.
- CAT3 Cable – An unshielded twisted pair (UTP) configured to carry data up to 10 Mbit/s, with an attainable bandwidth of 16 MHz. Popular in the early 1990s but now considered obsolete, it decreased in popularity due to the favoring of the high performing CAT5.
- CAT5 Cable – A twisted pair high signal integrity cable that is capable of upholding frequencies up to 100 MHz. Within category 5 cables are 4 twisted pairs in a single cable jacket. This use of balanced lines helps keep a high signal to noise ratio and considerably reduces crosstalk interference.
- CAT5e – An improved version of CAT5 Barrie cabling that increases specifications for far end crosstalk and all new installation should be at least CAT5e
- CAT6 – A service cable structure for gigabit Ethernet and additional network protocol that is backwards compatible with CAT3, CAT5, and CAT5e. CAT6 features stricter blueprints for crosstalk and system noise. CAT6 provides performance up to 250 MHz.